Lesvos, a crossroad
of civilisations and a place with a lot of diversity in landscape is the
perfect match for fabulous and promising holidays. It’s a sunny island with the
highest sunlight throughout Europe. Only 30% of the island is involved
with tourism. That's why it's not a well-known destination for tourists and
therefore it still has a unique unspoilt natural beauty. There are no big
hotels and screaming boulevards, but you will find still a traditional
way of living. Lesvos has a lot to offer: scenery, history, tradition,
architecture, pottery, nature, gastronomy, today’s life style, etc.
The different alternating sceneries are breathtaking: mountains, hills, streams, springs, waterfalls, cultivated land, pine and chestnut forests, olive trees, abandoned watermills, picturesque wooden bridges, unexplored caves together with remote chapels, impressive monasteries, Roman aquaducts, secluded bays giving the impression of lagoons as well as irresistible beaches with crystal clear water.
All over the island you can still find traditional villages where it looks like that time has stopped, untouched by modern civilisation. Of course you have also more touristic places.
- From 8000 BC onwards the Pelasgi arrive from Central Greece and start naming the different places the reach: these names are still used today.
- Around 1400 BC there is a new flow of Aeolians from Central Greece. The anthropological type of modern Lesbians is in essence based on these two tribes.
- In around 1000 BC five villages prosper on the island: Mitlini, Mythimna, Pyrrha, Antissa and Eressos and had formed since early 700 BC the community of Lesbos whose seat was located at the sanctuary of Meson at the centre of the island.
- In the 7th and 6th centuries BC during the Archaic period and the era of Pittakos (589-579 BC, the first elected statesman) Lesbos along with its capital become a famous commercial and cultural centre.
- 527-479 BC the island surrenders to the Persians.
- Member of the Delian League.
- It’s dominated by the Macedonians, the Ptolemians, the Mithridates, the king of Pontus (88-79 BC) and the Romans.
- During the Byzantine era the island is invaded by the Slaves, the Saracens and the Catalonians.
- Also part of the Latin empire of Constantinople (1204-1247).
- In 1354 AD the Byzantine emperor Michael Paleologus accords the island to the Genoese Francesco Gateluzzi as dowry for his marriage to his sister Maria.
- In 1462 AD the island is conquered by the Turks.
- On 8 November 1912 AD Lesbos is liberated and assimilated by the Greek State.
- In 1922 AD the island is flooded with refugees who flee the devastated city of Izmir following the pact on the population exchange.
Enjoy the local products such as:
- Olive oil.
- Long tradition in production of dairy products like yoghurt and in particular of cheese. Feta (soft, crumbly white cheese), Kaseri (medium-hard, strongly flavoured yellow cheese) and Ladotyri (local oil-cheese).
- Sardines of Kalloni
- Thyme, pine and blossom honey
- Products of the Women’s Cooperatives such as needlework and embroidery but also in cooking like jams, spoon sweets, pasta, pies, sesame cakes and liqueur. The 1st Cooperative was founded in Kalloni in 1990.
- Ceramics, embroidery and pottery.
- Wood carvings, handcraft furniture and icons from olive, chestnut and walnut wood.